Solving Moisture Problems:
When it comes to quality of finish, it is safe to say that the basement almost always comes last, and the lack of time and care invested is evident most often through the insulation. Thanks to the clear plastic which covers the installation in the basements most new houses, we can watch as the consequences of rough completion literally seep into our homes in the form of black mold, thanks to the porous concrete which leaches moisture into the insulation.
If this is the case in your home, then the first step to finishing a basement is to remove this insulation wrap. To get this process started, you have some choices to make in terms of subfloor, wall studs and and insulation.
1) Subfloor – There are few different companies which make basement subflooring and their products basically operate in the same way: A rigid plastic or S.M. goes right on the concrete to allow any moisture to find the drain. The S.M. also works as a thermo break (R5-7). Once this is completed, plywood sits on top, ready for your finished flooring.
2) Wall Studs – The most common wall studs would be wood (spruce) either on a sill gasket (which s a thin foam membrane) or on the subfloor. There are also Bluwood and steel studs.
3) Insulation – There are three proper ways to insulate….
- The first directly sprains the foundation wall. The foam will stick to the concrete and fill the 1-2 inch space behind your studs.
- Once the stud walls are up, we can take blue S.M. and fill each space 1”
- S.M. =about R-5 filling f-5 inches = about an R 20. Note: Basement insulation rap is around R-7.
We can also provide S.M. that already has studs in it (so that it can also work as a subfloor) to save the cost of building the stud walls. This is the most cost-effective solution, and it is my favourite method.
Note: All three of the methods above are well over the building code. Building code would allow use is frame a stud wall put tarpaper on the back side (the side facing the concrete) and then insulate with pink insulation. It doesn’t even call for Roxul (Roxul is fire and water rated).
When it comes to finishing or refinishing your basement, we know that you have tile samples and paint chips consuming your thoughts, but even with all those decorating choices to make, we hope that you will also take some time to consider all the aspects of insulation we’ve talked about here because moisture issues in your basement affect your home’s health as well as your family’s
Planning Your Finished Basement:
First off, you will need to decide what you will be using your basement for in the future. Once you have figured out what this space will be used for, draw out a rough plan of the layout. Contact our professional designers to give you proper layout designs. We will deliver a detailed layout that follows all the building codes.It is always a good idea to have windows in a basement; this will add natural light to a space that would otherwise be almost cave like. Finishing basements demand certain skills and quite a lot of time. The skills required to finish a basement include;
Depending on what you will be renovating in your basement, you may need permits. We can always check with the local building codes to make sure you have the permits required for the renovations you want to have done.
Are you finding your family is out living your current square footage of your home? The more cost cost efficient solution is to finish your basement. Finished basements add endless possibilities for uses. Some common uses for a finished basement include;
- Additional Bedrooms
- A family room
- Home office
- A home theatre
- Kids play room
- Or all of the above!
If your basement has a separate entrance, a lot of homeowners are remodeling their basements into an apartment or In-law suites to bring in extra income. This solution not only gives you that extra spending cash but also adds value to your homes worth.
Remodeling Your Existing Basement:
Remodeling an existing basement can have a few more hiccups that starting from scratch. The most common is when you have had an in-experienced contractor in before. This can give you many problems with your renovation. Some problems you may find once you start your remodel are:
- Wiring is incorrect
- Plumbing problems
- Framing issues
- Mold or Mildew from Moisture Issues
These problems can always be fixed, but you may run into additional cost to rectify any problems you may have encountered. This may be an excellent opportunity to re design your space. If you are going this route, it is always good to come up with one or two designs.
Moisture Issues with Basements:
Before starting a basement remodel or basement renovation, you should always check to see if you have moisture issues. A very simply way to test to see if you have moisture issues in your basement is to tape a small piece of plastic to the basements concrete floor. Make sure you seal every edge to the floor. Now leave the plastic for a couple of days. Moisture on the outer surface is only condensation. This is very common in basements and your ventilation will deal with this particular issue. Now peel up the piece of plastic carefully from your basement floor. If you have moisture underneath, you have moisture issues. Some common causes of basement moisture include:
- Poor drainage
- Bad grading
- Poor or lack of proper gutter systems
- Lack of or incorrect drainpipe
Moisture issues in your basement should be looked after right away, before any renovating or remodeling takes place. This is crucial to your homes health as well as you families as moisture tends to lead to mold or mildew, especially in basements.